What are cookies?
A cookie or cookie module is a special text, often encrypted, sent by a server to a web browser and then sent back (unmodified) by the browser, each time he/she accesses that server. Cookies are used for authentication as well as for tracking user behavior; Typical applications are the records of user preferences and the implementation of the “shopping cart” system. Cookies are classified as follows:
- session cookies . These are only stored on your computer during the web session and are automatically deleted when you close your browser. They usually keep an anonymous session ID allowing you to browse a website and improve your session experience;
- persistent cookies. A persistent cookie is stored as a file on your device and stays there for a limited time. The cookie can be read by the website that created it when you access that site again, allowing the website to remember the user’s actions and preferences. Persistent cookies are sometimes used by websites to provide targeted advertising based on your device’s browsing history. We also use persistent cookies to allow us to analyze customer visits to our site. These cookies help us understand how customers come to our site and use it so that we can improve our Internet service.
Cookies can also be calssified as follows:
- strictly necessary. These cookies are essential to allow you to use the website efficiently. These cookies do not collect information about you which could be used for merchandising / marketing or remembering purposes if you were on the internet;
- performance cookies. These cookies allow us to monitor (counting website accesses, identifying traffic sources, etc.) and to improve the performance of our website. However, you can block or delete them using your browser settings;
- functional cookies. These cookies allow our website to remember the choices you make (such as your username, language or region in which you are located) and provide enhanced features, identifying which type of customer matches your behavior;
- personalization cookies. These cookies help us for advertising purposes, giving you, through them, details about any opportunities for products or services that we consider of interest. These cookies are persistent (as long as you are registered with us) and mean that when you log in or return to the site, you may see advertisements for our products that are similar to those you have browsed in the past;
- targeting cookies. These cookies collect several pieces of information about browsing habits. These are usually placed by advertising networks. They remind you that you have visited a website and this information is shared with other organizations, such as media publishers. These organizations do this to provide you with targeted ads that are relevant to you and in your best interests.
- first party cookies vs. third party cookies. Each cookie has an “owner” – the website/ Internet domain that places that cookie. First party cookies are placed by the Internet domain/website accessed by the user (whose address appears in the browser’s address bar). Third party cookies are placed by other operators;
- Flash cookies. If you have Adobe Flash installed on your computer, you may also have small files with Flash content, such as videos, stored. These types of files are also known as Local Shared Objects (LSOs) or Flash cookies. These can be used for the same purpose as regular cookies, also called HTTP cookies. At the same time, Flash cookies can back up the data stored by a regular cookie. This way, when you delete cookies from your browser settings, Flash cookies will not be affected. Because flash cookies are not stored on the user’s computer in the same way that regular cookies are stored, they are more difficult to identify and delete. Banks and financial sites use such cookies for this very reason. Because they are difficult to identify, these cookies are stored on users’ computers to allow user authentication and prevent fraud, as potential offenders may have the username and password to authenticate, but do not have access to the user’s computer. Thus, cookies act as a second level of authentication, in addition to username and password.
What do cookies do?
Although cookies are stored in the memory of the Internet user’s device, they cannot access / read other information contained in that device. Cookies are not computer viruses. They are just small text files; they are not compiled as codes and cannot be executed. Thus, they cannot multiply, they cannot be spread in other networks to generate actions and they cannot be used to spread viruses.
Cookies cannot search for information on the user’s computer, but they store personal information. This information is not generated by cookies, but by the user, when he/she fills in online forms, registers on certain websites, uses electronic payment systems, etc. Although sensitive information is usually protected from being accessed by unauthorized persons, it is possible for such persons to intercept information shared between the browser and the website. Although quite rare, such situations can occur when the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network, such as an unsecured WiFi channel.
Why are cookies important for the Internet?
Cookies are the focal point of the efficient operation of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and adapted to the preferences and interests of each user. Declining or disabling cookies can make some websites impossible to use. Rejecting or disabling cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising – but only that it will no longer be able to take into account your preferences and interests, highlighted by your browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user to authenticate through an account):
- Content and services adapted to the user’s preferences;
- Remembering passwords, language preferences (for example: displaying search results in Romanian);
- Remembering of child protection filters on Internet content (family mode option, safe search functions);
- Limiting the frequency of advertising – limiting the number of displaying of an ad for a certain user on a website;
- Providing more relevant advertising for the user;
- Measurement, optimisation and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed and how a user gets to a website (ex. Through search engines, directly from other websites etc). Websites conduct these analyses of their use to improve the websites for the benefit of the users.
Disabling the cookies we use could affect your experience as a user on this website and other partner websites. We reserve the right to make changes to the Cookies Policy. All changes will appear here and take effect immediately. Your continued use of our website constitutes your agreement to any such changes.
The purpose of cookies
Cookies can provide faster and easier interaction between users and websites. For example, when authenticating a user on a particular website, the authentication data is stored in a cookie module; subsequently, the user can access that website without having to log in again.
In other cases, cookies may be used to store information about the activities performed by the user on a particular web page, so that he/she can easily resume those activities on a subsequent access to the website. Cookies tell the server which pages to show the user so that he/she do not have to remember this or navigate the entire website from the beginning. Thus, cookies can be assimilated to “bookmarks” that tell the user exactly where he/she stayed in a website.
What type of cookies does leadershipacademy.ro uses ?
Persistent cookies help us to recognize you as an existing user, which facilitates your return to leadershipacademy.ro or interaction with our products and services. Session cookies are only active during a session (usually a regular visit to a website or browser session).
|Categories of use||Description|
|Social networks||Our website may include social networking cookies, including those that allow users connected to the social networking service to share content through that service.|
|Preferences, functionaliies and services||Cookies can tell us which language you prefer and what your communication preferences are. Cookies can make it easier for you to fill in the forms on the leadershipacademy.ro website. Cookies can also provide you with features, information and personalized content using our plugins. Settings that allow our products to operate properly or that preserve your preferences over time can be stored on your device. We also save your preferences, such as language, browser, and media player settings, so that they don’t need to be reset every time you return to the website. If you opt out of interest-based advertising, we store this opt-out preference using a cookie on your device.|
When doesleadershipacademy.ro place cookies?
What is the lifespan of a cookie?
The lifespan of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. One cookie per session will expire at the end of the session, and one permanent cookie will not expire for a certain period. The lifetime of a cookie is not imposed on any user. They can be blocked or deleted at any time via browser settings.
Do cookies contain personal data/ What kind of information are stored and accessed through cookies?
The cookies themselves do not request or hold any personal data They cannot personally identify an internet user. Personal data can be collected by using cookies only to facilitate certain functionalities for the user, improving the Internet browsing experience (for example: settings of the language in which you want to access a website; keeping a user logged in to the webmail account, online banking security, keeping products in the shopping cart).
If you are a resident on EU territory, leadershipacademy.ro will be responsible with the provision to or the collection of your personal data by or for our services.
In addition, certain characteristics of leadershipacademy.ro products depend on cookies. For example, if you choose to block cookies, you may not be able to use those features and the preferences that depend on cookies may be lost. If you decide to delete cookies, the settings and preferences they control, including those related to ads, will be deleted and may need to be recreated.
Instructions for blocking or deleting cookies from browsers may be available in each browser’s privacy documentation or help feature.
What to do if you do not want to set cookies or if you want to delete them?
Browser producers ensure asisstance pages regarding cookies management for their products. For more information see the following.
- Google Chrome
- Internet Explorer
- Mozilla Firefox
- Safari (Desktop)
- Safari (Mobile)
- Browser Android
- Opera Mobile
For other browsers, please see the provided documentation from the browser’s producer.
Advice for a safe and responsible browsing, based on cookies
Here are some tips that can ensure that you browse without worries but with the help of cookies:
- If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using the device, you can set long expiration dates for storing your browsing history and of personal access data.
- If you share access to your device, you can consider setting your browser to clear individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access the websites that place cookies and to delete any information about visits at the end of the browsing session.
- Install and constantly update your anti-spyware applications.
Many of the spyware detection and prevention applications include detecting attacks on websites. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download malicious software.
Make sure your browser is always up to date with the latest versions available.
Many of the cookie-based attacks are done by exploiting the weaknesses of older versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest websites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can surf the Internet with confidence.
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain websites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Also, the refusal to accept cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive/ see online advertising.
It is possible to set in the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a specific website. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the “options” or “preferences” menu of your browser.